Workshop Talk

Fuel Cells

Dr. Subhash C. Singhal

December 14, 2008, 2.15PM - 5.15PM

Several types of fuel cells have been developed in the last four decades; most prominent among these are the proton exchange membrane (PEM) and the solid oxide (SOFC) fuel cells. This presentation will review the materials and performance of these two types of fuel cells and discuss the main differences between them. PEM fuel cells, targeted for transportation applications, require pure hydrogen as fuel; however, lack of a hydrogen infrastructure has hampered their commercialization. Solid oxide fuel cells are very fuel flexible, can utilize a variety of gaseous and liquid hydrocarbon fuels, and are well suited for residential and other stationary power generation applications. Key challenges for their widespread commercialization will be discussed and directions for future research and development presented.

About the Speaker

Dr. Subhash C. Singhal is a Battelle Fellow and Director, Fuel Cells at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, Washington, USA. He joined PNNL in April 2000 after having worked at Siemens Power Generation (formerly Westinghouse Electric Corporation) for over 29 years. Dr. Singhal received a B.E. degree in Metallurgy from the Indian Institute of Science, a Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania, and an M.B.A. from the University of Pittsburgh. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of four professional societies (American Ceramic Society, The Electrochemical Society, ASM International, and American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); and a senior member of the Mineral, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). Dr. Singhal has received several awards for his outstanding contributions to fuel cell technology, including the American Ceramic Society's Edward Orton Jr. Memorial Award in 2001; an Invited Professorship Award from the Japan Ministry of Science, Education and Culture in 2002; the Christian Friedrich Schoenbein Gold Medal from the European Fuel Cell Forum in 2006, the Fuel Cell Seminar Award in 2007, and the Grove Medal in 2008. He has authored over 85 scientific publications, edited 14 books, received 13 patents, and given over 275 plenary, keynote and other invited presentations worldwide. He has also served on many national and international advisory panels.